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For those who are not into ICT or do not understand the ethics of the internet, please get this knowledge and hold on to it for your future decisions when people start posting rubbish links telling you to claim one unrealistic gifts. 

In internet terminologies, we have what is called TLD which stands for Top Level Domain. The TLDs tell you more of the type of website you are visiting for which the domain is standing for. Examples are...
.com which stands for commercial (that's for businesses)
.org for organizations
.net for networks
.edu for education
.mil for military
.gov for government

TLDs can also come by being country specific.
Examples are...
.ng for Nigeria
.fr for France
.us for USA
.uk for United Kingdom

TLDs can still be matched for its purpose and country specific. Examples...
.com.ng for Nigerian commercial websites
.gov.ng for Nigerian government websites

Now when people decide to create a website, they choose a name for their domain and for the purpose of the website, also choose its TLD. Example...

Now out of domains, we have what is called subdomain. A subdomain exists as a child of its mother domain. If there is no domain, there will be no subdomain.

A subdomain can exist as a separate website of its own but will always rely on its mother domain to exist. It is always attached to the mother domain. Example...


In the example above,
microsoft is the domain
.com is the TLD for commercial purpose
news is the subdomain

So in clarity, news is the subdomain of microsoft domain existing on the .com TLD for commercial purpose

Subdomain always come from the left side of all links

Just like we have subdomain, we also have sub-subdomain. In this the sub-subdomain relies on the subdomain which in turn relies on the domain. Example...

And then we have more subs of preceding subdomains and so on till when the owner of the website gets tired of creating subs

Always remember that all subs come from the left side of links.

To know the real owner of a link posted, first look at the domain name which is always at the right side of the link

Whatever you see there tells you if the link is original or fake phishing link

Like in the Jumia nonsense link that has been going on, I will analyse it now below


The real Jumia website we know is 


In the posted fake link above, if you look closely, you will see that jumia.com.ng came first in the link from the left side

This tells you that it is a sub sub subdomain of the domain new-vouchers.win

The main website of that link is new-vouchers.win

They created the sub sub subdomain jumia.com.ng to deceive people into thinking they are actually visiting Jumia.com.ng

Remember, always study the links you receive to know the real owner before clicking it.

Rule of thumb, read from the right of every links to know the real domain before clicking

Anything from the left side is just a sub

Now that you have gained this knowledge, keep it and stay safe

Thank you

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This thread was very helpful...welldone all 

Edited by llyfee
No need to quote entire OP in your reply.

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Wow. I din't know it was called TLD. Also, you did a very good research since this knowledge really would help me keep away from ponzi and fake sites

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Thank you for this valuable post. This will greatly help save the lives of many people in the future. We need more posts like this.

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One should better develop skills in different software use and app development together with programming due to the high demand for people with such skills.

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